There are three key terms that the Bible student must keep in mind when reading and interpreting scripture. These terms are especially true when reading the Old Testament.Video
In the above video link, Professor John Walton gives us insight as to how we should contextually view the Old Testament. When we study the Old Testament we must keep in mind three central ideas in order to arrive at a proper understanding of scripture. The first idea refers to the Authority of scripture which simply means that we are reading the words of God. Secondly, we constant in our mind that the words we are reading are inspired by God, and not just human words written on a page. This idea refers to the Inspiration of scripture. Lastly, we are to keep in mind the Revelation that is scripture. God revealed himself to certain individuals in the Old Testament who told us what God is like, his attributes, character and His nature.
When we keep these ideas central in our thinking as we study the Old Testament, we get a better understanding of who God is and how he works in time, through time and beyond time to bring us to know his son, Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is the full revelation of God, the Father (John 10:10).
John Walton is a professor of Old Testament at Wheaton College Graduate School. Before teaching at Wheaton, Walton taught at Moody Bible Institute for 20 years. He is the author or co-author of several books, including Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary: Old Testament, Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament, and A Survey of the Old Testament.